Recognizing the significant role of renewable energy in combating the worsening impact of climate change, the government is aggressively pursuing the development and utilization of geothermal, biomass, solar, wind and hydro resources in the country.

In terms of geothermal resources, there are numerous prospects for development in the Philippines.

On hydropower, more than 10% of the Philippine electricity requirements are supplied by hydropower generation. The utilization of hydropower has been increasing in the past years with its share in the primary mix up to 5.4% in 2007. This upward trend is expected to continue with the interest shown by the private sector.

As far as the country’s biomass resources are concerned, the current abundant supply of biomass could generate projects with a potential capacity of around 200MW. Projects located in Luzon will utilize rice hulls while those located in the Visayas will use mostly bagasse which are abundant in the area.

Meanwhile, wind power development in the country is gaining interest from potential investors. Based on the study conducted by the US National Renewable Energy Laboratory, the country has a total wind resources potential of 76,600 MW in six regions namely, the Batanes and Babuyan Islands; the Northwest tip of Luzon (Ilocos Norte), the higher interior terrain of Luzon, Mindoro, Samar, Leyte, Panay, Negros, Cebu, Palawan, Eastern Mindanao and adjacent islands, well-explored est facing coastal locations from Northern Luzon southward to Samar; the wind corridors between Luzon and Mindoro (including Lubang Island) and between Mindoro and Panay (including the Semirara and Cuyo Island).

The Philippines’ vast potential for solar energy applications is heavily anchored on its geographic location which is just above the equator. It has been recorded that the country’s average solar radiation, based on sunshine duration, is 161.7 watts per square meter with a range of 128 to 203 watts per square meter.