For the energy sector, Congress has assigned specific energy policy functions to the Department of Energy. This includes the execution of the electric power industry reform, the privatisation of the National Power Corporation, and the rationalisation of rural electrification development.

The Department of Energy sets the policy directions for the energy industry while the National Electrification Administration provides financial and technical assistance to electric cooperatives.

The National Power Corporation and the National Electrification Administration are attached agencies of the Department of Energy.

The Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) is tasked with regulatory functions relevant to setting tariffs and ensuring consumer protection. An important function of the ERC is the issuance of operating permits of power generation facilities including cogeneration units.

The Department of Energy is the central planning and policy-making body in the energy sector. It is headed by a Secretary, who is a member of the Cabinet with the following government agencies attached to it: National Power Corporation, National Electrification Administration and the Philippine National Oil Company.

The Department of Energy was created to prepare, integrate, coordinate, supervise and control all plans, programs, projects and activities of the Government relative to energy exploration, development, utilisation, distribution and conservation.


The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) is mandated to be the primary government agency responsible for the conservation, management, development and proper use of the country’s environment and natural resources, including those in reservations, watershed areas and lands of the public domain, as well as the licensing and regulation of all natural resources utilisation as may be provided by law in order to ensure equitable sharing of the benefits derived there from for the welfare of the present and future generations of Filipinos.

The Environmental Management Bureau is line bureau under the DENR. The EMB is the primary government agency to formulate, integrate, coordinate, supervise and implement all policies, plans, programs, projects and activities relative to the prevention and control of pollution as well as the management and enhancement of environment.


The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) provides the primary staff function to support industrial policies and programs in the Philippines. The Board of Investments (BOI) is an attached agency of the DTI tasked with promoting investments in industry and commerce. The BOI administers the investment incentives given to the priority industries defined under the investment priorities plan.